When do populist radical right parties succeed? Salience, stigma, and the case of the end of Iberian ‘exceptionalism’

In their working paper ‘When do populist radical right parties succeed? Salience, stigma, and the case of the end of Iberian ‘exceptionalism’, James Dennison and Mariana Mendes offer an explanation for the rise of populist radical right parties in Europe by proposing an original theoretical framework that combines previous explanations with the literatures on issue salience and social stigma. They then consider how well that theoretical framework explains the erstwhile case of ‘Iberian exceptionalism’—the almost anomalous lack of such a party in Portugal and Spain—as well as the end of that Iberian exceptionalism with the rise of the archetypal populist radical right party Vox in Spain from 2018 onwards.