RuMiT Project
Study on Rural Migration in Tunisia.

The Migration Policy Centre, in the framework of the FAO Project “Youth Mobility, Food Security and Poverty Reduction: Fostering Rural Diversification Through Enhanced Youth Employment and Better Labour Mobility”, is carrying out a research study on youth rural migration in Tunisia, its determinants and its impact on food security and rural livelihoods in regions of origin. The project is funded by the Italian Agency for Development and Cooperation and implemented in collaboration with the Agence pour la Promotion des Investissements Agricoles (APIA) in Tunisia.

OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

  • To develop and test a sound methodology to analyse the rural migration of youth, with special attention to the drivers of migration and mobility;
  • To examine the diversity of rural youth migration patterns, and the types of movement and its impacts on household and individual food security and livelihoods, as well as labour dynamics in the areas of origin in Tunisia;
  • To provide policy recommendations, in particular concerning interventions to increase opportunities for youth in agro-related activities as an alternative to distress migration;

RESEARCH PLAN

The research will use a mix of quantitative and qualitative methods in four stages:

  • Review of literature and statistical mapping.
  • Statistical analysis of the correlates of rural migration.
  • Qualitative research. In parallel to the survey, and on the basis of the key issues identified in phases 1 and 2, a set of structured interviews will be conducted with key informants and a number of focus groups within each of the communities analyzed (the same as for the survey). Participatory Rural Appraisal techniques will be applied.
  • Rural Migration Survey. An ad hoc quantitative migration survey will be designed to describe and interpret the individual and household characteristics that underlie the decision to migrate from rural areas, as well as the impact of youth rural urban migration on household and individual food security and livelihoods, and the labour dynamics in the areas of origin. Its target population is composed of migrants (individuals and households), with non-migrants (individuals and households) used as a control group. Accordingly, the survey will be conducted both at destination (households with migrants) and origin (households with and without migrants).

Project Brief
Fiche de projet (en français)

ACTIVITIES

Survey workshop in Jendouba, 14 December 2016
Survey workshop in Tunis, 15 December 2016

RESEARCH TEAM

Director, Migration Policy Centre Prof. Philippe Fargues
Project Coordinator Prof. Iván Martín, Migration Policy Centre
Principal Researcher Qualitative Research Dr. Michele Nori, Marie Curie Fellow, Migration Policy Centre
Principal Researcher Statistical Mapping Dr. Anna di Bartolomeo, Research Fellow, MPC
Research Associate Dr. Alessia Bacchi, Migration Policy Centre
National Survey Expert (Tunisia) Nadia Touihri, INS
National Qualitative Research Expert (Tunisia) Amri Chafik
Survey Implementing Partner (Tunisia) Applied Social Sciences Forum
Survey Coordinator: Prof. Abdelwahab Hfadieh
National Institutional Partner:

 

STATISTICAL MAPPING
List of key variables by governorates

Total Population

Internal emigration (inter-governorate) 2009-2014

Internal emigration (inter-governorate) 2004-2009

Percentage of internal emigration over total population

Percentage of external emigration over total population

Net Internal Migration Rate (IMM-EMI Interne/POP)*100

Percentage of population between 20 and 29 years old

Percentage of household’s heads with main economic
activity in agriculture, forestry and fishing sector

Percentage of population older than 15 years
employed in the agriculture, and fishing sector

General Regional Development Indicator (IDR) 2011

Thematic Regional Development Indicator: Knowledge Index 2011

Thematic Regional Development Indicator: Wealth and Employment Index 2011

Thematic Regional Development Indicator: Health and Population Index 2011

Thematic Regional Development Indicator: Justice and Equity Index 2011

Percentage of population with no education

Percentage of male population with no education

Percentage of female population with no education

Percentage of population with tertiary education

Percentage of unemployed population older than 15 years

Percentage of unemployed population older than 15 years with a tertiary education diploma

Female activity rate (older than 15)

Poverty rate 2015

Expenditure level (%) by product: Food and non-alcoholic beverages