A new blog post within the framework of the REDIAL (Return Directive DIALogue) project has been published:
The return procedure in Italy: not a good balance between effective judicial protection and effectiveness of enforcement of return decisions
by Pier Luigi di Bari, Judge, Tribunal of Modena, Italy
Workshop call for abstracts: The Dynamics of Regional Migration Governance, 25-26 May 2017, European University Institute, Florence
The Migration Policy Centre and the Department of Politics at the University of Sheffield invite submissions for the workshop ‘Dynamics of Regional Migration Governance’ that will be held on 25-26 May 2017 at the European University Institute in Florence. The workshop is linked to the MIGPROSP project.
The workshop will examine the dynamics of migration governance at regional level with a focus on inter-state and transnational dynamics of cooperation. We welcome submissions that consider both the formal dimensions of migration governance evident in rules-based forms of cooperation as well as more informal processes of information sharing, consultation and learning within regional settings.
Deadline: 18 January 2017.
Uptick in African Refugees Expected to Continue
Irregular migration from Africa to Europe is increasing. As Africa’s population continues to grow, the European Union (EU) will need to figure out how to deal with what is expected to be even more African migrants in the coming years. The Cipher Brief’s Kaitlin Lavinder spoke with Philippe Fargues, founding Director of the Migration Policy Centre, about migration patterns, now and in the future, and the EU response. Read the full interview.
A new study on the socioeconomic profile of migrants arriving in Italy
The “Study on migrants’ profiles, drivers of migration and migratory trends” analyses the socioeconomic background of migrants and refugees who have fled to Italy. Based on data collected from interviews with 1,031 migrants, it compiles information about their education level, work experience, skills, professional aspirations and future employment prospects. The aim of this research is to help policy-makers in Italy and across Europe get a current, in‐depth profile of migrants, understand what drives them to leave home, what influences their decisions during their journey and how they can better integrate in Italy. The International Organization for Migration (IOM), with support from the UK Department for International Development (DfID), commissioned the Migration Policy Centre (MPC) at the European University Institute (EUI) to carry out this research.
New job opportunity: Research Fellow
The MPC is currently looking for a Full-time Research Fellow starting as soon as possible.
Please see the Vacancy Notice for more information on the post and how to apply.
The deadline for applications is 30 November 2016.
‘From Refugees to Workers’: New study on labour market integration of refugees
Integrating the more than one million refugees who have come to Europe since 2015 is a key challenge for the future of the continent. Labour market integration is crucial in making that integration succeed and in turning the refugee crisis into an economic boost for Europe. Now, what are EU Member States doing to facilitate that process? The Bertelsmann Stiftung has just published a study carried out by the Migration Policy Centre at the Schuman Centre of the European University Institute. The study looks at refugee labour-market integration support measures (REFMISMES) throughout the European Union.
- Volume I, Comparative Analysis and Policy Findings
- Volume II, Literature Review and Country Case Studies
- REFMISMES Web page
- Articles in the press
MPC facilitates a regional training workshop on migration for EU Delegations in East Africa
On 26-28 September, MPC Part-time Professor Iván Martín co-facilitated a regional training workshop in Nairobi, Kenya, in the framework of the project ‘External Thematic Expertise on Migration’ (ETEM). The workshop dealt with EU external cooperation in the field of migration and asylum and the implementation of the European Union Emergency Trust Fund for Africa. It was addressed to officers of EU Delegations in East Africa and of the European Commission Directorate-General for Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection.
The ETEM project is implemented by a consortium integrated by the Migration Policy Centre and led by the International Organization for Migration (IOM).
Conference on the Challenges in the legal and judicial implementation of the Return Directive, Brussels, 21 October 2016
This conference, which is organised within the framework of the REDIAL project, will tackle some of the most contentious issues in the implementation of the Return Directive. The discussions will involve scholars, officials from Member States’ administration, national and European judges, lawyers, representatives of NGOs and EU officials in order to find equitable and sustainable solutions to the present and future challenges facing the EU return policy.
A lecture on “Mediterranean Migration: Crisis and Responses” by Philippe Fargues
A lecture on “Mediterranean Migration: Crisis and Responses” by Philippe Fargues, Summer school Quo Vadis Europa: entre la integración y la desintegración – Universidad Internacional Menéndez Pelayo – Santander September 1st 2016 (in French).
Migration Summer School brought together academics and practitioners of 22 nationalities
From 27 June to 8 July, the MPC hosted 39 participants representing 22 nationalities for the 11th edition of the annual Migration Summer School. This year’s interdisciplinary programme was entitled “Approaches to International Migration at Origin and Destination: Theories, Policies and Methods for Analysis”. Participants were a mix of Ph.D. students in the field of migration, and practitioners from international organisations, national governments and NGOs. With a combination of theoretical, methodological, policy-oriented and case-study sessions, more than 20 scholars and lecturers in demography, sociology, political science, economics, anthropology and law provided an overview of the main international-migration topics, research developments and policy debates. For more information about the MPC Summer Schools and the programme click here.
MPC on Refugee Movements
Justyna Salamońska presented current and past work carried out at the MPC on forced migration at the EASO conference ‘EU and Global Asylum-Related Migration Research – Gaining an Overview’, held in Malta on 16 May 2016.
MPC study on EU labour migration policy presented at the European Parliament
On 15 June Professor Iván Martín, presented a study by the Migration Policy Centre on Exploring New Avenues for Legislation for Labour Migration to the European Union at the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs of the European Parliament (LIBE Committee). The Study, commissioned in 2015, provides a comprehensive analysis of EU labour migration policy, its development, its impact and future policy options. It was presented just after European Commissioner for Migration, Home Affairs and Citizenship, Dimitris Avramopoulos, presented the new European Commission’s proposals on legal migration published on the 7 June to the LIBE Committee . The MPC is currently carrying out another research paper to analyse that legal migration package.
The full session of the LIBE Committee can be watched here
(study presentation started at 17:10).
Critical Approaches to Irregular Migration Facilitation: Dismantling the Human Smuggler Narrative – The Follow-Up
On April 5-6, over thirty scholars from all over the world gathered at the European University Institute in Fiesole in a ground-breaking event on human smuggling scholarship. The workshop – “Critical Approaches to Irregular Migration Facilitation: Dismantling the Human Smuggler Narrative” – was co-sponsored by the Migration Policy Centre at the Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies and the National Security Studies Institute at the University of Texas at El Paso. The event reunited the most innovative and critical voices in contemporary academic and policy circles, and served to re-energize and advance a body of knowledge that despite its importance in present global population flows had remained dormant.
Organized by Dr Luigi Achilli (MPC) and Dr Gabriella Sanchez (NSSI), the workshop had a series of goals in mind, starting with that of jumpstarting the contemporary global smuggling studies agenda through the creation of an interdisciplinary and international collective of researchers from the global north and south engaged in the study of migration facilitation. Yet it had an even deeper objective: to empirically ground a field of research often silenced by the onslaught of anecdotal evidence surrounding irregularized migrations, a discourse dominated by narratives of monolithic smuggling facilitators; of violence, exploitation and crime, and in which the state and its actions in controlling population flows are often described either as justified or as carrying ‘unintended consequences’ – a proxy for the disappearance and/or death of thousands of migrants and refugees in transit.
The workshop took place at a critical time in migration studies, when despite the vast abundance of scholarship on the lives of migrants and refugees, grounded empirical work on the processes leading to their journeys and the effects and affects in them interwoven is still scant and scattered across the disciplines. The workshop aimed not only to be a platform to share findings or details on the operation of smuggling facilitations, but also to serve as a platform where scholars identified the analytical, theoretical and methodological limitations and challenges present in the field.
Findings of REFMISMES Project presented in Brussels
The Bertelsmann Stiftung organized two events in Brussels to present the preliminary findings of the study “From Refugees to Workers: Mapping Labour Market Integration Support Measures for Refugees and Asylum-Seekers in EU Member States”, carried out by the Migration Policy Centre in the framework of the REFMISMES project. (On the REFMISMES project see this link)
In the first of the events, on 18 May at the BOZAR (Centre of Fine Arts) in Brussels, the coordinator of the study, Prof. Iván Martín, gave a presentation on “From Refugees to Workers to Citizens: What we Know about the Labour Market Integration of Refugees in Europe”. This presentation complemented the keynote speech made by Rita Süssmuth, former President of the German Parliament, on “From Reception to Integration: Moving Beyond the Refugee Crisis”. The two interventions were discussed by Matthias Oel, Director of Migration and Security Funds at the DG HOME of the European Commission.
On 19 May, Prof. Iván Martín was also invited to present the main conclusions of the study to a group of officers, experts and stakeholders at a Brussels Breakfast Briefing organized by the Bertelsmann Stiftung.
9th International Conference on Migration and Development
Development can be described as the search for a better life. This is also the main goal of migrants as they cross international borders to earn higher income, find a more secure and fulfilling job, provide better education opportunities for their children and protect their families from exposure to a range of risks. The close linkages between migration and development have been the focus of increased attention among academics, policymakers and analysts over the last decade. And these are the issues that the 9th Migration and Development Conference will aim to address.
REFMISMES Final Workshop on the labour market integration of refugees
On 29th February, the Migration Policy Centre, in collaboration with the Bertelsmann Stiftung of Germany, organised a workshop on the labour market integration of recent refugees and asylum-seekers in nine European Union Member States. The workshop discussed the findings of the nine country case studies and the comparative research report based on them, drafted in the framework of the REFMISMES Project (Mapping Labour Market Integration Support Measures for Asylum-seekers and Refugees: Policies and Practices in EU Member States)
(See project description here).
It brought together the project team, a number of experts and practitioners from the European Commission, European Migration Network, the OECD, EUROFUND and the Bertelsmann Stiftung, as well as academic researchers on the topic from the EUI and the University of Amsterdam, the University of Malmö, the Universities of Sheffield and Oxford, DESI Sozialforschung Berlin, the Université de Lille 2, and the Wiener Institut für Internationale Wirtschaftsvergleiche (WIIW).
The final report is due to be published in April 2016.
New MPC Policy Briefs
The MPC is pleased to share the first policy briefs of 2016:
Call for Applications: XII Migration Summer School – Approaches to International Migration at Origin and Destination: Theories, Policies and Methods for Analysis
Florence, 27th June – 8th July 2016
The Migration Policy Centre is now taking applications for the 2016 edition of the Migration Summer School, which will take place at the European University Institute in Florence (Italy) from 27th June – 8th July 2016. Applications are welcome from academic and practice backgrounds to create an enriching mix of postgraduate students, civil servants, international organisation practitioners, NGO workers, journalists, policy analysts and teachers from around the world.
For more information and details on the application process, please see the Migration Summer School page on the MPC website.
Deadline for applications: 4th April 2016
EUI Forum on Migration, Citizenship and Demography: Follow-Up
Florence, 4-5 February 2016
by Géraldine Renaudière
On the 4 and 5 February, the Migration Policy Centre (RSCAS, EUI) hosted the Forum on Migration, Citizenship and Demography. The forum was aimed at providing a frame to reflect on these significant issues in the current context of mass movements of refugees and migrants worldwide. On the initiative of Pr. Philippe FARGUES, Director of the Migration Policy Centre, a two-day Conference took place at the EUI and brought together a wide range of academic experts and practitioners to identify the key challenges posed by Demography for Europe and its neighborhood, particularly focusing on migration’s far-reaching impact on population reproduction.
Europe’s population has entered a stage of gradual decline and fast ageing calling into question both Europe’s weight in the world and its wealth and welfare systems. Long-term strategies are needed; this is why more and more scholars and politicians, despite an overall negative perception among public opinion, consider immigration as a possible response to these demographic trends. This Conference was, therefore, designed to explore these avenues further and to formulate practical recommendations to policy-makers and public institutions in charge of these areas, at the national, European and international levels.
The welcome addresses were given by the EUI’s President Joseph WEILER and Brigid LAFFAN, Director of the Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies, who both stressed the importance of Demography in migration studies and the crucial need for long-term solutions and political strategies in this field. The Forum, then, opened with an introductory speech from Pr. Philippe FARGUES, presenting the Conference’s agenda which featured four thematic sessions.
The first, chaired by Alessandra VENTURINI, Deputy Director of the MPC, addressed Europe’s Demography, with a particular focus on ageing and its connections with longevity, working skills, productivity and economic growth. Wolfgang LUTZ (Director of the Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and Global Human Capital) first looked at multi-dimensional demographic projections and emphasised the impact of migration on the future population structure in Europe. In his view, adding the “education” and “labour force participation’’ components to the existing “age’’ and ‘’gender’’ dimensions helps better assess changes in population forecasts. As for migration, one might notably rely on migrant status or religion, provided that the dimensions chosen are stable sources of observable population heterogeneity. Gustavo DE SANTIS (University of Florence) then provided statistics on male and female longevity, as well as on regional life expectancy data. While stressing the serious consequences of ageing on pensions systems’ sustainability and on overall costs of healthcare, he pointed out the need for adapted measuring approach when making population projections: by adjusting threshold ages (at entry in and exit from the labour force), the part of ageing that is driven by longer survival should no longer be seen as a problem for inter-generational transfers; if not (entirely) possible, a greater transfer from the working age to the retired population is needed. After further discussions with the audience, e.g. on education, working skills and the uncertainty surrounding academic forecasts, another aspect, skills ageing, was addressed by Philippe FARGUES. While individual ageing may have an overall positive impact on a cohort’s productivity over the life cycle, population ageing defined as the succession of birth cohorts of decreasing size generates a reduction in the mass of recently acquired education and skills. This, naturally, may harm economies. The first ‘replacement migration’ may partly respond to skills ageing by increasing the stock of up-to-date skills in Europe, provided that migrants are selected according to skills. Finally, from a more economic perspective, Juan DOLADO (EUI) pointed out the challenges of an ageing population for savings, investments, capital markets and for overall productivity: with the progressive depreciation of skills, savings fall and potential investments become scarcer – both facts which undermine the sustainability of the PAYG pension systems. Whereas some governments advocated a shift from savings to fully-funded systems, such option would in DOLADO’s view seriously hamper financial stability (particularly given the low interests rates for loanable funds in our societies). Instead, he advised policy-makers to adopt a two-armed approach: first, dismantling dysfunctional labour markets and product market regulations (including an increase in internal mobility); second, further investing in (useful) economic infrastructures (such as education and professional training) to foster employment and improve productivity growth.
The second session, chaired by Emmanuel Comte (EUI), introduced the migration dimension in demographic analysis and revisited the notion of ‘replacement migration’ as a conceptual solution for declining and ageing populations. Pablo LATTES (UN population division) began by showing how migration has indubitably a role to play in the size and ageing of Europe’s population. But it also implies a certain numbers of factors and prior considerations (such as the type of migration considered and the categories to be replaced). With regard to refugees, Massimo LIVI BACCI (University of Florence) stressed that the concrete impact of the current crisis on Europe’s demography remains limited and difficult to assess (given the volatility of the factors taken into account to understand refugees’ net contribution) especially if made regardless of past historical experiences. From a legal perspective, Philippe DE BRUYCKER (EUI) pointed out the difficulties of establishing a clear connection between legal rules in migration law and demography: unless economic growth is specifically at stake, European legal instruments rarely refer to demographic concerns in migration flow management. This is especially the case for the most dominant form of migration into Europe today: family reunification. As noted by Daniele VIGNOLI (EUI), this major entry channel for third-country nationals to European Member States continues to be overlooked, usually being considered as subordinate to labour migration. Yet family reunification often brings positive effects to the countries of destination (the rebalancing of gender, stronger social and cultural integration of migrants, contribution to labour, etc.) and significantly affects demography. In view of the above, it would, therefore, deserve much more attention from both academic and policy-makers. This panel ended with a presentation on the close connection between ‘ageing’ and ‘public attitudes’, by Justyna SALAMONSKA (EUI), who showed data and evidence (EUROBAROMETER) that migrants continue to be perceived negatively in most European hosting countries. They are seen either as a threat to collective identity or as non-contributors to the host society. Although views on non-contribution have now shifted to a more positive perception in most EU-15 countries, large variation in attitudes towards immigration remains depending on the country and the age group in question. Additionally, accurate estimates on this issue are difficult to provide, given the lack of proper longitudinal data’s addressing individual level effects.
The second day of the Conference was mainly dedicated to the external dimension of migration (beyond Europe) and its impact on global demography. The third session, chaired by Ivan MARTIN (EUI), thus first focused on the migratory situation in Africa (Anastasia GAGE, Tulane University) and in Iran (Mohammad Jalal ABBASI-SHAVAZI, University of Tehran). While Africa’s high fertility rates are likely to decline with education policies targeting girls, migration – including towards Europe – should be expected to gain momentum. This will require individual skills better adapted to European’s labour markets, higher employment opportunities and good governance conditions. Iran has for its part a significant migration background, and has received a high number of Afghan refugees over the last thirty years and has therefore developed various adaptation patterns (such as the long-term integration of protracted refugees). Here lessons might be drawn for the future European strategies. Afterwards, Alessandra VENTURINI (EUI) highlighted the increasing demand for caregivers in Europe, encouraging more women to migrate in the longer term. She notes this as an example of positive outcomes for both migrant workers and EU Member States’ declining population. In the last presentation of the panel, Hillel RAPOPORT (EUI) used the French model as a starting point to illustrate the cultural diffusion of the fertility transition by (internal) migrants (Malthusian remittances) and emphasised in this regard the close connection between emigration and fertility rates. In France, the low annual emigration rates have significantly affected fertility, yet in different ways according to the self-selections patterns of migration (international/internal rural-to-rural or urban areas etc.) and the types of fertility norms prevailing at destination.
The afternoon session (the fourth and last) was chaired by Peter BOSCH (European Commission) and addressed the future challenges and perspectives of demography and migration, through optimised and more efficient tools and policies. Hence, Gianpiero DALLA-ZUANNA (University of Padua) recalled the beneficial contribution of migration to the Italian educational system: as long as foreign students are well integrated and treated with equal respect to natives. Thomas LIEBIG (OECD) insisted on the need for further harmonization with regard to the national measurement of immigration flows. He also called for greater internal mobility within the OECD countries and more effective selections of skills (beyond formal education) in order for the countries to better attract and retain the highest-skilled migrants needed by their labour markets. When assessing the relationship between human capital components of foreign labour force (size, level of education, age diversity of countries of origin) and innovation at industrial level, Sona KALANTARYAN (EUI) advocated for a migration policy to be more sector specific and demand driven. This would include proper mechanisms enabling the cross-border transfer of skills and capacity to retain highly-skilled young migrants after they graduated. This last panel ended with a presentation by Giampaolo LANZIERI (EUROSTAT) on the current and future challenges of migration in EU demography, providing a wide range of statistical indicators and tools for monitoring preparedness for demographic changes.
After a final discussion with the audience, the Forum concluded with remarks from Brigid LAFFAN (RSCAS) and Philippe FARGUES who officially announced, as the main outcome of this two-day meeting, the forthcoming publication of a policy-brief and possibly an edited volume on demography and migration in a European and global perspective.
Desperately searching for solidarity in EU asylum policies” – Philippe De Bruycker talks to the EUI Times on solidarity in EU Asylum policies.
Read the full article.
New MPC Research Report by Luigi Achilli
In collaboration with INTERSOS Humanitarian Organization, Luigi Achilli of the MPC has authored a new MPC Research Report (2016/01) entitled “Tariq al-Euroba : displacement trends of Syrian asylum seekers to the EU”. Read the full report here
REFMISMES Final Workshop on the labour market integration of refugees
Monday 29 February 2016 , Theatre, Badia Fiesolana, EUI
The Migration Policy Centre, in collaboration with the Bertelsmann Stiftung of Germany, is organising a workshop on the labour market integration of recent refugees and asylum-seekers in nine European Union Member States.
Kiel Institute for the World Economy job posting: Postdoc Researcher - Economics of Migration
The Migration Policy Centre is a research partner with the Kiel Institute for the World Economy, working on a new project in the field of the economics of migration, supported by the Mercator Foundation. The Kiel Institute is currently looking to appoint a Postdoc Researcher for this project.
Here is the link to the job posting: https://inomics.com/postdoc-researcher-economics-migration-kiel-institute-world-economy-wwwifw-kielde-kiel
“Back to Syria?”: New article in the ORIENT by Luigi Achilli, Research Associate at the MPC
To read the article click here.
Podcast: "Refugees in the Middle East and Europe: Crisis and Response" with Philippe Fargues.
Philippe Fargues participates in the MED - Rome Mediterranean Dialogues
The MED – Rome Mediterranean Dialogues is an independent and high-level initiative promoted by the Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation and ISPI (Italian Institute for International Political Studies), aiming at stimulating debate and new ideas on the transformations afoot in the extended Mediterranean region, in order to re-think traditional approaches and address shared challenges, both at regional and global level.
The MPC launches a study on labour market integration support measures for refugees and asylum-seekers in Europe
The MPC, in cooperation with the Bertelsmann Stiftung of Germany, is carrying out a quick study aiming to map labour market integration support measures for recent refugees and asylum-seekers (REFMISMES) in nine EU Member States. The overall objective of the Study is to identify the policies and practices being implemented in different EU Member States in this field and to analyze them with a comparative perspective, identifying and discussing good practices and lessons learned in the different countries, as well as contextual factors affecting the effectiveness of different measures. The study will be completed by early March 2016. A description of the REFMISMES Study can be found here.
A first workshop to set out the methodology for the nine country case studies will be organized at the MPC in Florence on the 16 December (see Programme here)
New job opportunity:
Programme Director of the Migration Policy Centre (Chair in Migration Studies, Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies)
The European University Institute is looking for candidates with a distinguished record of scholarly publications and experience in postgraduate teaching and doctoral supervision, to fill a Chair in Migration Studies. The Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies (RSCAS) seeks to recruit an outstanding scholar to a Chair in Migration Studies. The successful candidate will act as Programme Director of the EUI’s Migration Policy Centre (MPC), a leading centre of excellence in the field of migration studies. The successful candidate will have a strong record of research, extensive published output, experience in designing, winning and managing large funded research projects, and a track record in basic applied research of policy relevance. The chair will be open to candidates at different levels of seniority.
For more information, please consult the Job Opportunities (Academic Posts) page on the EUI website.
The deadline for applications is 25 January 2016.
Forum on Migration, Citizenship and Demography, Conference on Demography
Thursday 04 February 2016 – Friday 05 February 2016
Villa La Fonte, European University Institute, Florence, Italy
New publication by Katharina Lenner - Alternative Voices on the Syrian Refugee Crisis in Jordan - An Interview Collection
Alternative Voices on the Syrian Refugee Crisis in Jordan – An Interview Collection. Edited by Bashar Al-Khatib and Katharina Lenner for RLS. Ramallah: RLS, Nov. 2015.
This book (available in English & Arabic) engages with some of the most common tropes of the discussion on Syrian refugees in Jordan, which tend to portray them as negative and burdensome, and offers alternative perspectives. It does so by letting a number of Jordanian and Syrian voices that are personally and / or professionally connected with the Syrian and other refugee crises in Jordan take centre stage.
Call for Papers: 9th International Conference on MIGRATION AND DEVELOPMENT
Migration Policy Centre, European University Institute, Florence, 13-14 June, 2016
The French Development Agency (AFD) Research Department, the World Bank Development Research Group (DECRG) and the Migration Policy Centre of the European University Institute (MPC-EUI) are jointly organising the 9th International Conference on Migration and Development”. The conference is devoted to investigating ways in which international migration affects economic and social change in developing countries. Possible topics include the effects of migration on poverty, inequality, and human capital formation; social networks and migration; diaspora externalities; remittances; brain drain; migration and institutional/technological change.
A selection of papers from the conference will be considered for a special issue of The Journal of Economic Geography.
Massimo Livi-Bacci, University of Florence
Gianmarco Ottaviano, London School of Economics
Submission guidelines and timetable:
Submissions of full papers (PDF files) should be sent electronically to firstname.lastname@example.org by January 15, 2016.
Papers should be the standard length of an academic paper and must be in English. Papers submitted should not already be published elsewhere or have been accepted for publication elsewhere at the time of submission. Papers can be co-authored.
Decisions will be communicated by February 25, 2016. Travel (economy class) and accommodation in Florence for up to three nights will be covered for those whose papers have been accepted.
Organizing Committee: Cyrille Bellier (AFD), Rohen d’Aiglepierre (AFD), Philippe Fargues (MPC-EUI), Çağlar Özden (World Bank), Hillel Rapoport (Paris School of Economics and MPC-EUI), Alessandra Venturini (University of Turin and MPC-EUI)
Scientific Committee: Ran Abramitzky (Stanford), Michel Beine (Luxembourg), Michael Clemens (CGD), Patricia Cortes (Boston U), Juan Dolado (EUI), Hein de Haas (Amsterdam), Frederic Docquier (Louvain), Giovanni Facchini (Nottingham), Philippe Fargues (MPC-EUI), Andrea Ichino (EUI), Hubert Jayet (EQUIPPE, Lille), William Kerr (Harvard Business School), Victor Lavy (Warwick and Hebrew University), Anna-Maria Mayda (Georgetown), David McKenzie (World Bank), Çağlar Özden (World Bank), Hillel Rapoport (Chair, Paris School of Economics and MPCEUI), Imran Rasul (UCL), Dean Yang (University of Michigan).
Deadline for submissions: 15 January 2016
Refugee movements will continue and economic migrations will rise
Refugee movements from Syria and the region to Europe will continue and economic migrations will rise but Europe should open channels rather than build walls, said Professor Philippe Fargues, Director of the Migration Policy Centre, European University Institute, Florence (Italy), at a seminar organised Tuesday in Luxembourg by the EIB Institute.
Middle East refugees face complex landscapes
Philippe Fargues, professor and director of the Migration Policy Centre at the European University Institute in Florence, Italy, shed light on facts and figures behind the Middle East refugee crisis and presented the questions and problems European nations face in response to the recent influx of asylum seekers.
Call for Papers
Critical Approaches to Irregular Migration Facilitation: Dismantling the Human Smuggler Narrative
Philippe Fargues participates in Vicinities Europe TV talk show on the migrant and refugee crisis
Vicinities Europe is a talk show aired in eleven countries across the West Balkans, which brings together in one studio experts to discuss social and political issues of shared interest in the West Balkans. This first show focused on the migrant and refugee crisis.
The copyrights of the show belong to CDRSEE and the European Fund for the Balkans
Migration and refugee movements in the Mediterranean countries have gained unprecedented momentum in recent months. The situation along migratory routes to Europe and within Europe itself is changing faster than ever before. Opinions of all kinds flourish, often without the necessary base of accurate, up-to-date information.
MPC website on the migrant crisis is aimed at providing a mixed audience comprised of the media, policy-makers and politicians, migration stakeholders, and the academic community, with the facts needed to understand the course of events and make informed judgments. The website will be enriched and updated on a weekly basis. It will offer in one single place comprehensive, detailed, multidimensional and multi-sited information gathered from a wide variety of sources either opened or not to public access. It aims at providing the facts with a level of details that no other single source offers.
The website will gather all the relevant data (statistics, graphs, maps, legislations, documents from governments and other stakeholders, etc.), accompanied by analytical notes and policy briefs. It will cover all the countries on the main migration routes to the EU, allowing comparison between EU and non-EU countries.
Katharina Lenner - Best Dissertation in 2014, German Middle East Studies Association
The MPC congratulates Katharina Lenner, member of the MPC and a Max Weber Fellow, on her prestigious prize for the best dissertation in 2014, awarded by the German Middle East Studies Association. Read the full report
MPC Study for the European Parliament on labour migration to the EU
The Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs of the European Parliament (LIBE Committee) has just published a Study elaborated by the Migration Policy Centre on Exploring New Avenues for Legislation for Labour Migration to the European Union.
The Study is a contribution to the discussion over the European Agenda on Migration and has been commissioned in the context of the ongoing LIBE Committee work on the Strategic own-initiative report on the situation in the Mediterranean and the need for a holistic EU approach to migration. It reviews the social and economic context of EU international labour migration policy, including labour needs in Europe, the status of relevant EU legislation and the available policy options from a comprehensive labour market perspective.
Migration from North Africa and the Middle East: Skilled Migrants, Development and Globalisation
We are delighted to announce that Migration from North Africa and the Middle East: Skilled Migrants, Development and Globalisation is now available to buy from ibtauris.com.
This essential companion for social scientists, policy-makers and development scholars contains a series of thematic overviews of highly-skilled emigration from the Arab countries. Crucial to the development of the world economy, these regions play a key part in the recent socio-political transformations that have occurred across the world; and yet despite this, uncoordinated legal and policy frameworks continue to confuse the issue of skilled migration. Migration from North Africa and the Middle East: Skilled Migrants, Development and Globalisation focuses on the ‘brain drain’, and its impact, in an important contribution from leading experts.
Migration from North Africa and the Middle East: Skilled Migrants, Development and Globalisation
Edited by Philippe Fargues and Alessandra Venturini
Final publications of the MISMES Project
The European Training Foundation has just published the seven reports produced by the Migration Policy Centre in in the framework of the joint ETF/MPC MISMES Project (Migrant Support Measures from an Employment and Skills Perspectives). The Global Inventory and the five country case studies on Moldova, Georgia, Armenia, Morocco and Tunisia were presented and discussed at an international conference organized by ETF in Brussels on the 15-16 September. The agenda and the sessions of the conference can be watched at http://livestream.com/un/events/4337916). Philippe Fargues, Director of the MPC, and Alessandra Venturini, Deputy Director of the MPC, participated in the conference.
The MISMES publications can be downloaded from the MISMES project webpage.
On 15-17 September, the European Commission organized in Dakar, Senegal, a three-day internal regional training on “EU external cooperation in migration and asylum in North and West Africa”. The workshop was addressed to EU officers in charge of migration issues and projects in EU Delegations in the African countries of the Rabat Process (North and West Africa). It was held in the framework of the ETEM V Project (External Thematic Expertise on Migration to the European Commission), implemented by the Migration Policy Centre in the framework of a consortium led by the International Organization for Migration (IOM). The workshop was co-facilitated by Iván Martín, Part-time Professor at the MPC and Labour Migration Key Expert for the ETEM project.
Annual Conference of the Migration Policy Centre: Follow-up
1-2 July 2015
Badia Fiesolana, European University Institute
On the 1st and 2nd July, the Migration Policy Centre (MPC) held its Annual Conference on Migration, part of the ongoing EUI forum on Migration, Citizenship and Demography. The first day opened with several welcome addresses from stakeholders actively involved in the field of migration, both at the political and academic level. Professor Philippe Fargues, Director of the Migration Policy Centre and Scientific Organiser of the Conference, firstly recalled the importance of tackling migration issues not only as a problem to solve, but also as a challenge to take-up on a global scale.
Mr. Enrico Rossi, President of the Tuscan Region, then emphasised the urgent need for Europe to adopt a ‘clear and active strategy’ in order to confront ‘the root problem of political instability in the Mediterranean Area’ and to undertake concrete actions aimed at ensuring the reception of people seeking protection from war and persecution. In this regard, Mr. Rossi referred to the experimental model adopted by the Tuscan Region for receiving refugees and migrants coming from North Africa and the Middle East, based on distribution within localities instead of concentration in large structures, as a valuable source of inspiration for European Union’s policy to manage increasing migration flows.
Prof. Brigid Laffan, Director of the Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies, welcomed for her part the engagement of the MPC team in producing advanced policy-oriented research and addressing the main challenges of migration and mobility, especially during the current context of crisis hitting Europe, affected by a loss of trust among its Member States and a lack of confidence from its citizens.
This session ended with an inspired ‘Keynote’ speech delivered by Mr. Gervais Appave, Special Policy Advisor of the Director General of the International Organisation for Migration, who first emphasised the major change of perspective resulting from growing worldwide mobility and unprecedented emergency situations. Stressing the need to better manage migration at the global level, he called on all States to cooperate more closely and to replace current isolated policies by collective and comprehensive actions. More fundamentally, he invited all stakeholders dealing with migration to ‘step back’, rethink the very concept and to update traditional definitions, from humanitarian protection to management of diversity, through multiculturalism and individuals’ identity.
The rest of the Conference was divided in four specific sessions. The first one, chaired by Peter Bosch, Senior Expert at the DG Home of the European Commission, was dedicated to migration from conflict areas to Europe. While acknowledging the current instability in the Mediterranean region and in the European’s neighbourhood, the panel reiterated the need for a strong cooperation between the EU and third countries currently hosting a large majority of refugees fleeing the Syrian conflict. At the intra-EU level, political leaders are expected to better tackle smuggling by providing migrants with effective legal channels and to show greater solidarity and responsibility for migration management and refugees relocation, either by activating current legal instruments or implementing new schemes of distribution.
The second session of the Conference, which took place on the second day, mainly focused on transnational bonds and integration of migrants, from both countries of origin and destination. It was also the occasion for the MPC to present the quantitative results of its INTERACT research project, assessing the role of emigration and diasporas policies, States and non-state actors in the integration of migrants in European countries at three levels: labour markets, education and citizenship.
The third panel discussed the future perspectives of Europe and the key role of migration in addressing demographic, welfare and innovative challenges, while the fourth and last session opened new avenues for external dimensions of European migration policies, by further developing current mobility partnerships and establishing stronger regional dialogue, notably with Asia, the Middle East and the Arab countries.
Profughi in Toscana, Rossi: “Il nostro modello di accoglienza è un esempio”, an article mentioning Enrico Rossi participating in the conference of the Migration Policy Centre (MPC). Il Tirreno, 01 July 2015.
Migranti, Rossi ripropone il modello toscano sperimentato nel 2011, an article mentioning Enrico Rossi participating in the conference of the Migration Policy Centre (MPC). Go News, 01 July 2015.
Migranti, Rossi ripropone il modello toscano sperimentato nel 2011, an article mentioning Enrico Rossi participating in the conference of the Migration Policy Centre (MPC). AdnKronos, 01 July 2015.
Migranti, Rossi ripropone il modello toscano sperimentato nel 2011, an article mentioning Enrico Rossi participating in the conference of the Migration Policy Centre (MPC). Città Metropolitana di Firenze, 01 July 2015.
Migranti, Rossi: “La Ue sia davvero Unione” , an article mentioning Enrico Rossi participating in the conference of the Migration Policy Centre (MPC). Città Metropolitana di Firenze, 01 July 2015.
Europa e migranti: Rossi ripropone modello toscano del 2011 an article mentioning Enrico Rossi participating in the conference of the Migration Policy Centre (MPC). Lucca In Diretta, 01 July 2015.
Migranti, due giorni di incontri all’istituto europeo an article mentioning Enrico Rossi participating in the conference of the Migration Policy Centre (MPC). Redattore Sociale, 01 July 2015.
Migranti in Toscana: niente tendopoli, tante strutture per piccoli gruppi an article mentioning Enrico Rossi participating in the conference of the Migration Policy Centre (MPC). Nove da Firenze, 01 July 2015.
MPC facilitates a regional training workshop on migration in Bangkok
On 15-17 June, the European Commission organized in Bangkok, Thailand, a three-day regional training workshop on “EU external cooperation in migration and asylum in Asia” facilitated by Iván Martín, Part-time Professor at the MPC. The workshop was addressed to EU officers in charge of migration issues and projects in EU Delegations throughout Asia. It was held in the framework of the ETEM V Project (External Thematic Expertise on migration to the European Commission), implemented by the Migration Policy Centre in the framework of a consortium led by the International Organization for Migration (IOM). Two of the participants in the training workshop came from the EU Delegation in India, which manages the CARIM-India project (Developing a knowledge base for policy-making on India-EU migration) carried out by a consortium led by the EUI. The next ETEM V regional workshop for West and North Africa will take place in Dakar, Senegal, in September.
“Celebrating” World Refugee Day with four million Syrian refugees on our doorstep
Reflecting on… by Philippe Fargues
World Refugee Day comes this year as the number of Syrians registered with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees passes the dreadful milestone of 4 million. To these, one must add the many millions of internally displaced persons trapped within the borders of that country. Now into its fifth year, the conflict, which has already triggered the largest wave of forced displacement since World War II, shows no signs of abating. Far from that, no one can even predict whether a state named Syria will exist if and when weapons finally fall silent. The whole region that was once
13 May 2015, the European Commission presents its blueprint for a European Agenda on Migration: this had been announced as one of the ten political priorities of President Juncker for his five-year mandate A New Start for Europe. On this occasion, the Migration Policy Centre has put together a set of four policy briefs dealing with the main priorities defined by the Commission. They concisely set out the state of play at the EU level and the main challenges in each of the areas. They explain the need for reform of the current legislative and policy framework and assess the need for an EU-wide approach on each of the issues. Finally, the MPC researchers propose a number of concrete ideas for action. These will serve as a kind of benchmark, against which the ambition of the European Agenda on Migration can be tested. The four policy briefs, written and internally published before any drafts of the Agenda were released, are also meant as a specialized contribution to the upcoming debate on these four issues.
Read “The EU needs a new narrative on migration. Will the European Agenda on Migration meet the challenge?” by Philippe Fargues, 14 May 2015
The Mediterranean Migrant Crisis
The Mediterranean has become the scene of unprecedented migrant tragedies. The MPC provides here some key data, analysis and policy advice on this issue.
- Drowned Europe, a policy brief by Philippe Fargues and Anna Di Bartolomeo
- When the best option is a leaky boat: why migrants risk their lives crossing the Mediterranean and what Europe is doing about it, a policy brief by Philippe Fargues and Sara Bonfanti
- Desperate Journeys, Interview with Philippe Fargues, Al Jazeera, 10 May 2015
- Inside the Middle East: Q&A with Philippe Fargues, Harvard University, 1 May 2015
- Articles and interviews in the press
Migration Policy Centre launches new project on solidarity and responsibility sharing in the EU asylum policy
The MPC Solidarity Project (started in April 2015) has been set up with the understanding that asymmetric challenges in the field of asylum and irregular migration put common values, mutual trust and ultimately the freedom of movement inside the EU at risk. Its core objectives are to critically evaluate how the principle of solidarity and fair sharing of responsibility has been operationalised to date, and to identify mechanisms that will make its implementation more effective on the basis of objective criteria. More information on the project will soon be available on the MPC website.
(Image courtesy of renjith krishnan at FreeDigitalPhotos.net)
MPC’s Director discussing migration in the Arab region and across the Mediterranean in the US
At the invitation of MIT, Harvard, Penn and the Lebanese American University, Philippe Fargues, Director of the Migration Policy Centre, presented results of on-going research on migration in the Arab region and across the Mediterranean
25 March LAU: https://www.facebook.com/events/1410894092555192/
Worldwide protracted Refugee and IDP populations
In June 2014 the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) reported that the worldwide population of displaced people – meaning refugees, asylum seekers, and internally displaced persons (IDPs) – topped 50 million people for the first time since the Second World War. This overall rise is not, unfortunately, the only cause for concern. Changes in the composition and characteristics of the world’s displaced population are worrying as well.
by Cameron Thibos and Sara Bonfanti.
Nearly two years ago, in January 2013, MPC collaborated with a team of journalists to create the Syrianrefugees.eu website, a dedicated resource that monitors the EU’s response to the crisis and highlights the human stories of those who have taken refuge in neighbouring countries and Europe. In October this site received a major update. Video interviews on the crisis and refreshed statistics on Syrian asylum seekers to Europe and humanitarian aid dollars were added. Two new sections of rich, multimedia content covering those refugees who have sought protection in Sweden and Bulgaria were also created.
Migration and Mobility in Ukraine: what is the impact of the current military conflict?
The hybrid war in Ukraine has resulted in somewhat hybrid human mobility so far. The population has been fleeing the conflict zone in East Ukraine and the trends are increasing. The real number of displaced people is unknown – for one, majority of internally displaced persons have not been registered by Ukrainian authorities; also high number of Ukrainian migrants fled to Russia and other neighbouring countries in the Eastern Neighbourhood of the EU. The current position of the IDPs is extremely precarious: authorities counted on the conflict to stop, and thus have perceived the IDPs as a very temporary phenomenon. They have been offered merely temporary, short-term solutions. Over 80% survive without any governmental help. Such vulnerability often causes migration. Increase in migration from Ukraine to the EU has been limited; also, requests for temporary stay still significantly outnumber asylum applications. The practice of the Member States has been to grant other form of protection and temporary stay permits and not refugee status to Ukrainian nationals. However, with the protracting conflict and winter coming we may expect more dramatic developments on the EU eastern border.
Transforming the “Blues Card” into a Truly Blue Card
Reflecting on… by Philippe De Bruycker
Jean-Claude Juncker has been perspicacious in proposing to revise the “Blue Card” Directive 2009/50 designed to facilitate the admission of highly skilled migrants into the EU, contrary to the pusillanimous opinion expressed by DG Home Affairs in its report of 22 May 2014 where it concluded, after having underlined most of the weaknesses of this instrument that «on the basis of the available information and in view of the short time of application no amendments are currently proposed» (COM(2014)287). [ Read more ]
A European Commissioner for Migration?
Reflecting on… by Philippe Fargues
On 30 June, 45 corpses were found asphyxiated in the hold of a fishing boat that was smuggling 600 migrants and asylum seekers to the shore of Sicily. The Mediterranean has become the most dangerous route to Europe and the Achilles’ heel of its migration system. [ Read more ]
Non, l’Europe ne doit pas se fermer à l’immigration ! Sa prospérité en dépend (Le Monde, 14-07-2014)
Le directeur du Centre d’études des politiques migratoires réagit à la proposition de Jean-Claude Juncker de nommer un commissaire européen à l’immigration. [ Read more ]