Nearly two years ago, in January 2013, MPC collaborated with a team of journalists to create the Syrianrefugees.eu website, a dedicated resource that monitors the EU’s response to the crisis and highlights the human stories of those who have taken refuge in neighbouring countries and Europe. In October this site received a major update. Video interviews on the crisis and refreshed statistics on Syrian asylum seekers to Europe and humanitarian aid dollars were added. Two new sections of rich, multimedia content covering those refugees who have sought protection in Sweden and Bulgaria were also created.
The hybrid war in Ukraine has resulted in somewhat hybrid human mobility so far. The population has been fleeing the conflict zone in East Ukraine and the trends are increasing. The real number of displaced people is unknown – for one, majority of internally displaced persons have not been registered by Ukrainian authorities; also high number of Ukrainian migrants fled to Russia and other neighbouring countries in the Eastern Neighbourhood of the EU. The current position of the IDPs is extremely precarious: authorities counted on the conflict to stop, and thus have perceived the IDPs as a very temporary phenomenon. They have been offered merely temporary, short-term solutions. Over 80% survive without any governmental help. Such vulnerability often causes migration. Increase in migration from Ukraine to the EU has been limited; also, requests for temporary stay still significantly outnumber asylum applications. The practice of the Member States has been to grant other form of protection and temporary stay permits and not refugee status to Ukrainian nationals. However, with the protracting conflict and winter coming we may expect more dramatic developments on the EU eastern border.
The legitimacy of pre-removal detention, as authorised by the EU Return Directive, depends upon judicial control as the ultimate guarantor that detention will be as short as possible and be maintained only for the purpose of removal. The judiciary is thus challenged to ensure that detention is necessary and proportional in its application. The project CONTENTION (CONtrol of deTENTION) examines the different dimensions of the lawfulness of detention with differing practices and differing forms of implementation at national and European level.Read More